Wheat area for harvest 2014 ‘set to rise sharply’

Jack Watts, AHDB/HGCA Lead Analyst

Jack Watts, AHDB/HGCA Lead Analyst - Credit: Archant

A survey of farmers has revealed the planting area for wheat and winter barley is set to rise by more than a fifth for the 2014 harvest.

The Agriculture and Horticulture Development Board (AHDB) and its cereals and oilseeds division, HGCA, have carried out an Early Bird Survey of farmers’ planting intentions which shows a sharp rise in the total area of wheat and winter barley for harvest 2014 compared to last year.

The team of agronomists assessing 280,000ha of arable land across Great Britain forecast that the total wheat area, including spring wheat, will increase by 22% to 1.98m hectares at the UK level.

In this annual autumn survey, which provides the industry with a first snapshot of national planting decisions, cropping changes on individual farms in Britain were taken as a representation of national UK changes, assessing crops already drilled and growers’ planting intentions.

AHDB/HGCA lead analyst Jack Watts said: “This autumn we’ve had good drilling conditions across the UK and, as a consequence, we are looking at a return to a more normal cropping mix for harvest 2014 following a large shift to spring cropping in 2013. The return of a more normal UK wheat area is the first step to the UK returning to the export market, although yields and quality remain weather dependent. History shows that when farmers are able to turn intentions into reality, the Early Bird Survey gives a good indication of areas for key autumn sown crops in the UK.”

Winter barley is also set to increase 55% to 484,000ha compared with 2013, and is the highest UK winter barley area seen in a decade.

The survey predicts the second highest oilseed rape area ever cropped, behind 2012, at 740,000ha - an increase of 3% against the estimated harvest area of 2013.

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Due to the good autumn planting conditions compared with last year, areas of spring barley, pulses and fallow land are expected to fall to pre-2013 levels. The spring barley area is forecast to drop 40% to 534,000ha and, although the oat area looks set to decrease by 26% to 130,000ha, this still represents a relatively large area of oats.

Mr Watts added: “The conditions in 2012/13 led many farmers to change their usual crop rotations, and some famers will still be dealing with the consequences of this.”

The Early Bird Survey is led by the Andersons Centre, supported by the Association of Independent Crop Consultants and HGCA, the cereals and oilseeds division of AHDB.

The full survey results are printed in the latest issue of Prospects, which is available from HGCA.

AHDB/HGCA’s December Planting Survey, issued on December 1 with results published in February 2014, is aimed at helping the industry gain a more detailed insight into plantings for 2014.