The future of the high street – how will it be shaped by tech?
- Credit: Archant
Daniel Whytock of downyourhighstreet.com discusses the technology likely to impact the retail sector in coming years.
Is online shopping truly causing the end of high street shopping?
Amazon is investing in brick and mortar stores, which suggest that the high street still has a place in our shopping future. As consumers we want the best of both on and offline worlds and more: convenience, choice, and a diverse range of shops and businesses.
As grim as things appear to be on the UK high street today, there is a way back - omni-channel retail that seamlessly integrates digital technology is the key to high street survival.
But retail tech is moving so quickly that if high street retailers don’t move fast, they will get left behind. This can often leave many high street businesses feeling despondent, particularly smaller independent retailers who cannot afford to take the same risks as larger brands.
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However, the technological future of the high street will not just be about large companies with expensive robot devices and AI – it is rooted in a change of approach and understanding, in low-cost technology and data, and a unified approach to online and offline high street shopping.
The future will be data driven
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Whatever shiny new devices retailers put into their stores, they can do nothing without quality data to build a strategy around. The number one investment retailers need to make to navigate the changing retail landscape is in data collection and management. Customer data has until now been used reactively, rather than proactively: surveys, sales data show how customers respond to an experience and retailers keep doing more of what appears to work.
Retailers of all size will already have databases, spreadsheets, social media page analytics, customer service call logs and emails – the challenge lies in unifying data silos.
New technology is giving a more complete picture of customers’ (and potential customers’) behaviour, meaning we can track patterns and understand how behaviours are evolving. There are already legacy data management solutions and customer data platforms (CDPs) available to retailers to unify the data and make it available to users in a way that is easily digestible. While these tools are usually adopted by larger retailers with IT teams, there are cloud providers offering CDPs that can work for smaller businesses.
In addition the advance of the Internet of Things (IoT) will give easier and deeper insight into products and customer behaviour. For example, shelves and storage units that can tell us how often products are picked up/viewed and put down again will help establish the products that are drawing interest but are not being purchased due to cost or lack of further information.
The blockchain also has the potential to transform retail data. A digital record of data and transactions chronologically linked provides complete transparency for both retailers and consumers right across the supply chain. A Deloitte report predicts that we are going to see blockchain technology heavily tested in the industry over the next five years, with significant adoption to follow soon after.
Emotional responses - with robots
As with the notion that internet shopping is replacing the high street, we also hear how robots will eventually replace people in customer service. This is unlikely to be the case. Robotics will certainly take over some roles in the retail industry, but this will only serve to enable more quality interaction with customers.
For consumers, the internet has opened up more options in how we shop, but one thing that will not change is what motivates our purchases. Customers need to have an emotional response to prompt them to buy, and interaction with another person is vital to create an emotional connection.
AI and robotic devices can help customer service staff be more responsive to customers, by freeing them from the less interactive aspects of their roles. In store robotics are already able to scan stores for pricing corrections and tidy up shelves and floors, freeing-up sales staff to concentrate on the customer interaction and experience in order to make a sale. Much like robotic household devices such as the Roomba vacuum cleaner, these robot store assistants are likely to become more commonplace in shops of all sizes as the technology advances and becomes more accessible.
Behind the scenes
New technology will not only be a foreground feature of the customer experience; it will also play an increasingly big role in the logistics and stock storage side of the business, helping to save money on space rental and provide fast, reactive supply chain management to complement more engaging customer service.
Retailers will need to be more agile to survive difficult trading conditions and ensure they have enough stock for busy seasonal trading periods. New tech-led models of service can help cut warehouse costs with short term and pay-as-you-go pay models for storage space, mobile storage which can easily be scaled up and down in response to changing stock levels and location requirements.
Robots will transform warehouses. As we are beginning to see in large e-commerce storage spaces owned by Alibaba and Amazon, robotic arms and interconnected automated conveyor belts can pack and sort hundreds of goods for deliveries at high speed.
Employment in high street retail warehouses will be transformed from often dangerous low skill work to highly technical skill requirements for maintenance and monitoring of technology - entry level retail training is going to look very different in years to come.
A future of variety
Government and large corporations realise the value of keeping the high street alive in the digital age, and are investing in more initiatives to support the UK high street and ensure that a diverse range of businesses can continue to open and thrive across the country.
And, for all the blame that online marketplaces can take for the demise of the high street, their forward thinking and entrepreneurial spirit have gone some way to reducing the barriers for retailers to help grow their digital arm and feed in store sales. As taxes for online-only sellers are imposed, they lose their cost advantage over bricks and mortar sellers, making it easier for high street shops to compete. More specialised marketplaces created for bricks and mortar independents offer incentives and technical support tailored to their needs.
Technology is driving change in our high street but it will also allow retailers to return to what makes a great shopping experience - customer service with the personal touch.
About the author: Daniel Whytock is managing director at downyourhighstreet.com - a free-to-join, low commission on-line marketplace on a mission to save the UK’s high streets