UK: Farmers express concerns over EU Common Agricultural Policy reforms
- Credit: Archant
Concerns have been raised over how EU reforms on environmental measures, subsidy frameworks and sugar beet quotas could affect the competitiveness of East Anglia’s farmers.
After years of negotiation, a broad political deal was reached on Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) reform in Brussels on Wednesday, although a number of key details remain unresolved.
The agreement laid the framework for a new CAP from 2015, with the principle of making 30% of direct farm payments dependent on “greening” measures.
Those measures could include the creation of permanent pastures, the setting aside of land as ecological focus areas (EFAs) and crop diversification.
But the detail of how this is implemented will be left up to member states – shifting the uncertainty from a European to a national level.
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Alex Dinsdale, of the National Farmers’ Union, who was speaking at the Norfolk Show today, said the UK government must avoid “gold-plating” the greening measures if they hoped to preserve the viability of farming businesses.
He also said the NFU wanted to ensure other agreements, such as the end of sugar beet quotes in 2017, did not leave East Anglia’s farmers disadvantaged against their European competitors.
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“It is good that we are starting to get a degree of certainty, but so much of this comes down to how it is going to be implemented at a national level,” he said.
“One of the things we do know is there will be a 30% of the single farm payment which will be associated with greening measures. We are still waiting to see to see what that will mean.
“One of the key things for us that is that we need Defra (the Department for the Environment, Food and Rural Affairs) to avoid ‘gold-plating’ these greening measures.
“Agri-environment schemes at the moment are entirely voluntary and those schemes are very popular with farmers. This is where we have got a great problem. There is a great deal of uncertainty as to what will happen to those voluntary schemes and, if we have mandatory greening, experience shows that if you force people to do something you don’t always get the benefits that you would if you encourage them into a voluntary scheme.”
Mr Dinsdale said the end of sugar beet quotas in 2017, three years earlier than the NFU had lobbied for, was another “significant issue” for growers.
“It is going to take careful management as to how the sugar beet industry manages this change,” he said. “Britain lacks the capacity in terms of sugar beet processing to react to these limits being removed. As soon as these quotas go, our competitors in other parts of Europe are in a position to step up production quite rapidly.
This could leave East Anglia’s sugar beet growers at a disadvantage, he said.
Farmers can put their questions on CAP reform to an NFU expert at an event at Morley Farms at 6pm on July 18. To book, contact 01638 672100 or email@example.com.